Maps to mindfulness – brief overview some main treatments #mindfulness


Literature on mindfulness within psychotherapy is increasing dramatically. Germer (2005) lists connections with cognitive behavioural therapy, psychodynamic psychology, humanistic psychology, brain science, ethics, spirituality, health psychology and positive psychology.

Williams and Zylowska in their Mindfulness Bibliography on the website of the Mindful Awareness Research Centre, UCLA Semel Institute, list six main clinical mindfulness treatments: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), Mindfulness Meditation and Training, Psychotherapy Integration (2009). They categorize MBSR and MBCT as mindfulness-based, using “formal mindfulness training (meditation) as a primary treatment modality” (Williams & Zylowska, 2009, p. 54). They categorize ACT and DBT as mindfulness-incorporating treatments (Williams & Zylowska, 2009, p. 31). These two treatments “include mindful awareness as a treatment goal and may or may not include formal mindfulness training” (Williams & Zylowska, 2009, p. 54).

Baer and Krietemeyer, in their overview of mindfulness-based approaches, list Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) as the four main approaches (2006).


Link to Mindful Awareness Research Centre:


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